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25th Anniversary fall Berlin Wall

9 November 1989: the Berlin Wall crumbled.

Following the fall of the Berlin Wall in the night of 9 to 10 November 1989, the European Parliament is the first European Community institution to advocate a possible German reunification.

On 22 November 1989, French President François Mitterrand and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl are invited to address a formal sitting in the European Parliament. The following day the European Parliament adopts a resolution on the right the people of the GDR (German Democratic Republic) to self-determination, a principle later backed by the Summit of Strasbourg on 8-9 December 1989.

The European Parliament demands fast track procedure to adapt to the speed of German reunification.

In February, the European Parliament establishes a temporary Committee to "study the impact of the German unification process on the European Community". Spanish member Gerardo Fernández-Albor is designated as its President and British member Alan John Donnelly as the rapporteur of a legislative report calling on the European institutions to adapt to the speed of reunification (adopted in November 1990).

During its nine months of activity, the temporary Committee was the "hub" of all parliamentary activities related to the reunification of Germany. The European Parliament was consulted at every stage of the German reunification and integration process. The key role of the European Parliament was recognized by the German Federal Republic, which awarded Gerardo Fernández-Albor with its Great Order of Merit and Alan John Donnelly with knighthood.
We invite you to visit our new pages dedicated to this momentous upheaval in the history of Europe.

The Berlin Wall and Its fall
The International Actors
First reactions
Following acts
Temporary Committee
German Reunification